About HVT Targets
HVT offers the most advanced training targets available, scientifically based learning principals are the primary basis and inspiration behind creating the targets. In addition, most targets feature a 3D image, that includes the hands, so the shooter may perform a proper threat assessment. This allows shooters to reinforce the process on the range, that will used in the real world.
[About the Developer]
• 20 years, US Navy SEAL, SEAL instructor and Master Training Specialist.
• 7 years over sea's contracting, government agency, mobile security.
• 5 years as a SEAL Instructor. 5 years as a civilian instructor, teaching military, and law enforcement, Active Shooter Response, handgun, concealed handgun, vehicle tactics, and tactical rifle skills.
[Target Characters] Target characters are created using 3D animation software, every detail is added, including the facial expressions. Clothing is chosen that does identify with any particular race, color, or religion. The target characters are intended to be thought of in terms of Opposition Force and Role Players.
Examples 1 - City SWAT team is serving a high risk warrant, an undercover officer inside the target house, and is armed. Officers are shown a picture of the undercover officer (role player target). Upon making entry the officers enter a room to find the Role Player target pointing a handgun at a 45º angle towards the "bad guy" target. The "bad guy" is also armed and pointing his gun towards the door.
Example 1 Debrief - In this live fire training scenario two SWAT officers made entry into the room where the undercover officer was located. They immediately addressed the "bad guy" threat, and placed rounds appropriately on the target. Unfortunately, the officers also shot the armed, under cover officer because prior training scenarios had not properly prepared them for this situation.
[Creative Training Design] Target characters allow trainers to get extremely creative with their live fire training, creating scenarios similar to those used during force-on-force training with non-lethal weapons.
[Bridging the Gap] Force-on-force training with non-lethal weapons is the most realistic training that can be conducted, short of shooting real bullets at each other during training. That said, there are significant issues that exist with putting too much emphasis on force-on-force training alone.
Training can properly prepare us for every situation, or it can cause and reinforce a default reaction that is unintended.
Often, in training utilizing non-lethal weapons it can be difficult or impossible to get a sight picture, or properly identify a person due to the required PPE and this opens the door for potential blue-on-blue situations. Every year police officers shoot each other while on duty, and those incidents also occur in the military and in combat.
The blue-on-blue issue may be exacerbated during training, due to the fact we can't identify each other well enough while wearing the helmet, neck protector, and other PPE. As a result, we usually default to shooting everyone we encounter holding a training weapon; Their shooting at us, and we're shooting at them. Simple. However, the danger is this default reaction is being solidified under the significant stress of training. Then, in the real world, and when a similar situation is encountered this default reaction manifests itself, which may be positive, or negative. Refer to Example 1 (above) in which, the blue-on-blue issue depicted may have been avoided through better training. Many units also teach a one-step target discrimination process, that entails looking at the hands (only). What is required to avoid these blue-on-blue incidents is a two-step target discrimination process, which is why all HVT targets show the hands. Everyone should train like this, not just elite units.
Creative training design allows trainers to bridge the gap between force-on-force and live fire training, while also establishing and reinforcing crucial skill sets through the learning method of repetition.
[Racially Unbiased] Grey skin tone is intentionally added, because Blacks, Whites, Caucasians, Asians, and Latino's do not have grey skin, the result is a racially unbiased target character.
[Threat Elimination Zone™] Eliminate the threat with one shot, that is the goal. How many times have you heard of "the threat" being shot 15 times, or more?
There are two locations on the human body that when penetrated, will eliminate the threat immediately 1) the cerebellum region of the brain and 2) the heart. A person will not even twitch when the cerebellum region of the brain is penetrated. However, a human may continue to fight for 10 - 20 seconds after a lethal shot to the heart, and that fact is why professionals should increase their training standards, and consider directing their first shot to the cerebellum.
The Threat Elimination Zone is depicted on HVT characters with a 2 - 3.5 inch circle, which is faintly depicted to prevent the shooter from focusing upon “shooting between the lines.” Three dimensional bullet travel is also considered when the zone is depicted on the target, with the objective being the heart, or the cerebellum.
[Set The Bar High] An outdated training methodology says, "never shoot for the head, the head is a small, moving target, and all shots should be directed towards center mass, first. That is an example of setting the bar low.
There is no shortage of amazing athletic feats that humans have performed. Amazing athletic feats can almost always be traced back to amazing training. Humans can and will do amazing things when their training has properly prepared them.
Today's professionals, need to be training to defeat threats wearing PPE, such as body armor and a helmet. Enemy fighters, and even Active Shooters are getting geared up with body armor, helmets and even optics on the weapons. As the nature of the changes, our training needs to change to match the nature of the threat. The fact is, the most practical shot may be straight to the head.
[Training Science] In January, of 2014, it was reported that Neuroscientists from MIT found that the human brain can process images in as little as 13 milliseconds. Speed, far faster than the 100 milliseconds previously suggested by other studies.
There are no lines depicted on real threats, therefore the most important aspect of HVT targets is the fact there are no lines, forcing the shooter to “process an image”, making a decision about where to shoot, with the goal being 13 milliseconds. Repetition, trains the brain, and creates a process, that will be performed subconsciously under stress.
[Real World] The real world is all about angles and making a split second decisions about where to shoot. While designing and conducting tactical training courses for Red Frog, I obsessed over my curriculum, every line, and learning objective was purpose driven. That, attention to detail directed me to develop a better training target, because rarely, is a real-world threat standing there squared off, waiting to be shot by you.
[Shot Accountability] Why aren’t professionals shooting at pressed plastic, or 3D foam targets?
The answer is because every shot is accounted for in professional training circles. For this reason, the target has to be paper or cardboard, so every shot can be accounted for.
[Paper type] Surprisingly thick card stock paper stands up rain, wind and weather better! If you, or unit has avoided using paper targets for training outdoors, give HVT a shot.
- Shows shot groups better.
- Thicker is better.
[Compatibility and Size] All targets are 21 X 33 inches.
- Fits outdoor shooting stands commonly used, 18 - 21 inches wide.
- Fits within the ballistic backstop dimensions used in the Shoot House.
[Night Vision Training Target] The background of the target is shaded to provide optimal contrast when using Night Optical Devices (NOD's). The background shading assists in creating the illusion of a 3D environment, while also allowing the target to fit into any situation, and any room in the Shoot House.
Our aim at HVT is to enhance tactical training for both teams and individuals with targets that are well made, customizable and active. Most other targets on the market are made up of two dimensional shapes or silhouettes. These work fine for developing a shooter’s mechanical skillset; however, they are limited in developing the psychological skills required for real life engagements. Having a strong grip and smooth trigger manipulation may mean a shooter knows how to operate a gun, but it does not mean he or she knows how to use the gun. Real life engagements are filled with layers of unexpected or confusing variables that quickly create chaos for those with undeveloped situational awareness.
Use of HVT targets will help develop a shooter’s situational awareness by creating situational context.
Situational awareness is the processing of information in order to understand what is occurring presently and to anticipate what may happen next. This skill is not strictly developed, as many would assume, through cognitive or behavioral learning alone. Rather, it is emotional learning that is at the center of developing a strong situational awareness. The ‘emotional brain’, i.e. limbic system, helps us asses stimuli. That is, it’s part of how you read and react to the world around you. Building up a shooter’s confidence and speed in processing and engaging with a living situation does not only require repetition but exposure to a broad range of scenarios rich with varying cues - a living scenario, or story, if you will. It is this breadth of varying qualities and nuances that strengthens one’s situational awareness.